childcare  Weaning Progression

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At Around 7 to 8 Months Old

They become able to eat a larger amount.
  • Progress to weaning twice a day.
  • Foods that are soft enough to crush with the tongue
  • Increase the different types of foods

At Around 9 to 11 Months Old

They’re almost ready to join the family dinner table.
  • Wean them three times a day.
  • Foods that are soft enough to be crushed by gums
  • Improve the nutritional balance
  • Use foods high in iron (red meat and fish, liver)
  • Give them foods that the rest of the family eats
  • As you increase the solid foods, they will drink less breast milk.
  • Let them practice eating with their hands and drinking from a cup

At Around 12 to 18 Months Old

They’re almost ready to move on from weaning to infant food.
  • Establish a daily routine and eat meals 3 times a day
  • Eat at the same time as family meals
  • Foods hard enough to be chewed with gums
  • Use only a little seasoning
  • Use lots of different ingredients
  • Take care when giving snacks
  • Stop giving them breast milk and formula milk
  • Let them practice eating by themselves

Sharing Food From the Family Dinner Table

Improve the nutritional balance of family meals. If the family’s meals are nutritionally balanced, then the portions you give to your weaning child will also be nutritionally balanced.
A well balanced menu should include a staple, a main dish and side dishes. First, consider the family’s meals.

(Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare/Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)

Make it Easy to Eat

If food is too hard for the baby to eat, boil it again or cut it into smaller, easier to eat pieces. Make it easy for the baby to eat, according to their condition.
If meat or fish is hard to eat, make it easier to eat by increasing the juice and thickening it with corn flour.

Use Only a Little Seasoning

  • Serve the baby’s portion when there are few seasonings.
  • After you’ve taken the baby’s portion, add the seasonings and spice for adults.
  • Water down ready-made sauces with hot water or soup.

Babies and Snacking

When your child reaches about 1, they become able to eat three times a day: in the morning, at lunchtime, and in the evening, the same as family mealtimes. This means that intervals between meals become longer, but children can’t eat a lot in one go. Give them the nutrition that they can’t get from their three meals with snacks.
If you give snacks incorrectly, they can lose their appetite, become a fussy eater, become overweight, or develop cavities, so you must take sufficient care.

Set a Time and an Amount

Set the time and amount for snacking, taking naptime and appetite into account and aiming for once or twice a day.
Don’t give them snacks whenever they ask for them or when they sulk.
Make sure there are still two or three hours until their next meal.

Think about Nutritional Balance

Snacks Snacks are a part of mealtimes.
Think of snacks as a light meal, including protein, calcium and vitamins.
(e.g., rice balls, cheese on toast, baked potatoes, vegetable sticks, fruit, etc.)

Include a Drink

Children need more water than adults, so give them a drink with their snack; for example, green tea, barley tea, or milk.

When Giving Sweets

Choose sweets that have a low amount of sugar, fat and salt.

Correct Diet for Children

Checklist for Your Child’s Eating Habits

Yes / No Do they go to bed early and get up early?
Yes / No Do they say “Good Morning” and other greetings?
Yes / No Do they eat breakfast every day?
Yes / No Do they eats meals and snacks at a set time?
Yes / No When they’re thirsty, do they drink tea or water instead of sweet drinks?
Yes / No Do they eat anything without being fussy?
Yes / No Do you turn the TV off when they eat?
Yes / No Do they help prepare and clean up after meals?

Breakfast is Brain Food!

Breakfast is the source of energy to move your brain and body.
We all have an internal body clock. It moves our body’s rhythm. Waking up early and eating breakfast helps to establish this rhythm.
If you don’t eat breakfast, you won’t be able to get the glucose important for our brain’s workings. You won’t have energy to think or remember things. To help your child with their studying and exercise in the mornings at nursery and school, make sure they eat a proper breakfast.

Snacks are the Fourth Meal

Snacks Snacks are an important meal for growing children.
If you don’t decide the time and amount and give them sweets and juice, they won’t have room for meals.
Also, they’ll learn to eat the things they like, but not foods difficult to chew or foods they don’t like.

Mealtimes are a time for Fun Parent-Child Communication!

If you have the TV on while your child is eating, the child will concentrate on the TV and not enjoy their food properly. Turn off the TV and enjoy conversation as you eat. Eating together with the whole family shows an example of how to eat well, and helps emotional growth as well.

Chew Food Well

Chewing well when eating strengthens the teeth and gums. It also helps digestion, improves the working of the brain, and they will become able to eat tougher things and vegetables.

A Menu for Infants

Sunset Rice

Ingredients 2 cups rice
A- 2 cups water / 1 consommé stock cube / 1/2 teaspoon salt / 2 tablespoons sake
1/2 carrot
50g sweetcorn
Method 1. Wash and drain the rice.
2. Grate the carrot.
3. Put A, the rice, grated carrot and sweetcorn in a rice cooker.
4. After it has finished cooking, leave to stand for 10 minutes and mix well.

Green Omelet

Ingredients 1/2 a bunch of spinach / 1/2 onion / 2 slices bacon / 2 potatoes / 4 eggs
1/2 teaspoon salt / pinch of pepper / 2 tablespoons butter / a splash of tomato ketchup
Method 1. Wash the spinach and cut into 1cm pieces. Boil and drain it. Cool it and press the moisture out.
2. Wash the potatoes and cover in plastic wrap. Microwave for 5–6 minutes. Peel the skin and cut finely.
3. Cut the onion and bacon finely. Fry in a frying pan. Add the spinach and potato. Season with salt and pepper.
4. Crack the eggs into a bowl and whisk. Add it to the mixture from 3 and mix well.
5. Put the butter in a frying pan and turn on the heat. Add the mixture from 4 and heat on a medium heat whilst stirring. When it is half done, put the lid on and cook on a low heat.
6. Cut it up into pieces and serve on a plate. Add tomato ketchup.