The First Trimester of Pregnancy
Most women experience morning sickness to some degree, particularly in the first trimester.
Morning sickness often occurs when hungry, when full, or when tired.
To a certain extent, it is physiological, so don’t worry too much about it. Eat small meals at multiple times, take walks and continue with your work.
Always seek medical advice if you are vomiting repeatedly or if you cannot eat or hold down fluids at all.
Rest Well, Sleep Well
It is important to get plenty of rest and sleep throughout pregnancy. However, as long as there is no irregularity in the pregnancy, you generally will not be hindered in your everyday life and carrying out household chores should not be a problem.
Try to ensure that you do a reasonable amount of exercise and do not remain housebound.
Constipation is a common problem particularly in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Try and accustom yourself to go to the toilet at a set time after breakfast every day. Eat high-fiber foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables etc. every day. Only take laxatives with the permission of your doctor.
Peace of Mind and Rest
It is said that irritation and stress affect the mother’s health and the development of the fetus. Try to ensure that you are able to relax mentally and physically at all times.
|Growth of an embryo
||Weight about 4g
Brain, heart, liver formation.
Hand, feet, ear & mouth formation.
Formation of external genitalia.
Fetus. Placenta fully formed
The Second Trimester of Pregnancy
Breast & Nipple Care
Should be commenced once you start to experience fetal movement.
Once a day when bathing, while cleaning around the nipples for around 2–3 minutes with massage cream, lightly tug on the nipples.
Cease nipple care should you feel an abdominal fullness.
The second trimester is suitable for carrying out light exercise and traveling. To ensure a safe delivery, also work at preparing your body for giving birth.
During this period when morning sickness has subsided, ensure you eat well-balanced meals rich in vitamins, iron, calcium and protein, to help the growth of the fetus and to prevent pregnancy induced hypertension. Avoid eating too much salt.
Try to wear loose and clean clothing.
Choose cotton underwear that is soft and absorbent. Wear shoes that have a low heel.
|Growth of a fetus
Body frame and muscle development.
Growth of light hair on body
Face similar in appearance to an elderly person.
The Third Trimester of Pregnancy
Bodily Cleanliness & Rest
Discharge will increase in the third trimester of pregnancy. Be particularly careful about the cleanliness of the genital region.
The fetus will suddenly start to grow very rapidly and will start to feel heavy, meaning your back and hips will become tired very quickly..
Ensure that you maintain a good posture and not do trip over.
As the womb places pressure on the stomach, you will no longer be able to eat large amounts in one sitting.
It is therefore essential to eat smaller amounts regularly, that are high in nutrients and easily digested.
As sexual activity can lead to premature births; cease all sexual activity beginning from the third trimester of pregnancy.
Under the Labor Standards Act, maternity leave can be taken 6 weeks prior to the due date and 8 weeks following childbirth.
Try to give plenty of notice to the relevant person/s that you will be taking maternity leave.
|Growth of a fetus