The Japanese education system is comprised of 6 years of elementary school,
3 years of junior high, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of university
(junior colleges are 2 years). For children under elementary school age,
there are kindergartens and daycare centers.
In Japan, children enter elementary school in the April following their 6th birthday. Elementary and junior high school are compulsory. To enter high school and university it is, in principle, necessary to take an entrance examination. There are also technical and various other schools that teach technical and vocational skills for mainly junior high and senior high school graduates.
There are three types of schools: national schools administered by the Japanese government, public schools administered by prefectures and municipalities, and private schools administered by school foundations.
The aformentioned compulsory education is only compulsory for Japanese citizens, but when foreigners of school age (from the April following their 6th birthday to the March following their 15th birthday) live in Japan and wish to go to a Japanese school, they will be accepted. In the Japanese school system, school year is determined by the age of the child. Therefore, as a rule, foreign children are entered in to the school year that fits their age.